Oxford Handbook of Epidemiology for Clinicians PDF
2.20 MB PDF
What is a cohort study? How do I critique a scientific paper? What is the incidence of heart disease? How do I calculate relative risk? How do I plan and carry out my own study? What differentiates association from causality? These are the sorts of questions that training in epidemiology will answer but the answers may not be so readily accessible to the busy clinician or medical student. This books aims to fill that gap—to provide the basics in epidemiology for clinicians in one handy volume, following the successful Oxford Handbook format.
Unlike standard textbooks of epidemiology the focus throughout is on clinical applications of epidemiological knowledge. The book is divided into 4 sections for easy reference. In Section 1, we start by looking at how the methods used in epidemiology can be useful in the diagnostic process, clinical decision-making and the use of evidence to underpin decisions on clinical management. We also show how epidemiology can inform communication with patients about risks, and end with a practical discussion of health promotion in the clinic. In Section 2, we focus on evidence-based practice and how to obtain and summarize data, including principles of systematic review and meta-analysis. We continue with a description of preventive medicine and screening, using examples from both non-communicable and communicable disease. We complete this section with a practical guide to evaluating clinical practice and point out the similarities and differences between research and audit. In Section 3, we describe the types of study that produce epidemiological and clinical knowledge, the sources and quality of data, and how to produce, understand, and evaluate the statistics underlying research findings and their implementation into clinical practice. We conclude in Section 4 with a brief analysis of the global burden of disease and by summarizing the epidemiology of common diseases. Throughout the book we provide examples, key references, and links to other sources of information.
This book builds on our experience in the training of junior doctors and medical students to provide an understanding of key epidemiological concepts as they translate into medical practice. The application of epidemiological concepts into day-to-day practice is relevant to all clinical specialties. The book will therefore be useful to junior doctors in training and to medical students, including as they prepare for their postgraduate and undergraduate examinations.
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