Macleod’s Clinical Examination 13th Edition PDF

Macleod’s Clinical Examination 13th Edition

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The skills of history taking and physical examination are central to the practice of clinical medicine. This book describes these and is intended primarily for medical undergraduates. It is also of value to primary care and postgraduate hospital doctors, particularly those studying for higher clinical examinations or returning to clinical practice. The book is also an essential reference for nurse practitioners and other paramedical staff who are involved in medical assessment of patients.
This edition has four sections: Section 1 details the principles of history taking and general examination; Section 2 covers symptoms and signs in individual system examinations; Section 3 reviews specific situations; and a new Section 4 deals with how to apply these techniques in an OSCE.
The text has been extensively revised and edited, with two new chapters on the frail elderly and the febrile adult. The number of illustrations has been increased and many have been updated. Line drawings illustrate surface anatomy and techniques of examination; over 330 photographs show normal and abnormal clinical appearances.
We recognise the current debate where some decry clinical examination because of the lack of evidence supporting many techniques. Where evidence exists, however, we highlight this in a new feature for this edition: evidence-based examination boxes (EBEs). We are convinced of the need to acquire and hone clinical examination skills to avoid unnecessary expensive and potentially harmful over-investigation. Nevertheless, there is a need to evaluate rigorously many clinical symptoms and signs. It is possible to open this book at almost any page and find a topic which cries out for evidence-based analysis. We continue to hope that the book will stimulate this enquiry and would encourage these responses and incorporate them in future editions.
This 13th edition of Macleod’s Clinical Examination – full text, illustrations and videos – is available in an online version, as part of Elsevier’s ‘Student Consult’ electronic library. It is closely integrated with Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine, and is best read in conjunction with that text.

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