ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology 2014 PDF

ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology



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Preface

Preventive cardiology has made substantial contributions to reducing the toll of cardiovascular disease (CVD) during the past 50 years but despite these advances, CVD remains the leading cause of death in the United States, and the global burden of the disease continues to rise. In addition, the epidemic of obesity and the increase in diabetes threaten to reverse the downward trend of CVD. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the primary etiology of this public health crisis and claims more than one million victims annually in the United States, and stroke, heart failure, and peripheral arterial disease are also major contributors to the burden of CVD. The crucial personal and economic benefits of preventing CVD compared to treatment of advanced atherosclerotic vascular disease have been convincingly demonstrated but optimal application of this evidence into daily practice lags, a deficiency that has gained recognition as the “knowledge– practice gap.”
This situation necessitates intensification of efforts to prevent a reversal of past achievements in the struggle against CVD. It has also provided the background and incentive for the development of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology (ASPC) Manual of Preventive Cardiology. The editors have devoted their careers to this field in both practice and research and we are gratified that this Manual is an official publication of the ASPC.
Although textbooks on preventive cardiology have detailed its science and application, the goals of the ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology are to address contemporary practical approaches to the most vital aspects of preventing cardiac and vascular disease. Clinical utility for practitioners is foremost and special efforts have been made by the authors and editors to ensure that the content of all chapters is as up to date as possible.
The extent of this field now far exceeds its traditional designation of “preventive cardiology,” as reflected by the spectrum of topics in the ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology. In addition to the time-honored topics of CVD risk factors, we also include chapters on peripheral artery disease, stroke, smoking, contemporary cardiovascular imaging, heart failure, metabolic syndrome, thrombosis, nutrition, special populations, novel risk factors, and psychosocial stress. An important feature is inclusion and expert assessment of the most recent prevention guidelines of the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association, including those on risk assessment, lifestyle recommendations, blood cholesterol, and obesity as well as the new guidelines on hypertension.


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